Angina pectoris feels different for different people. It may feel like a
heaviness or pressure in your chest, or it may be a distinct pain. If you feel any
chest discomfort, you should contact your doctor.Unfortunately, approximately half of
patients have a heart attack without prior warning symptoms of angina. Their heart attacks
result from the rupture of a plaque (fatty deposit) that takes a moderate lesion to
100% (blockage) due to a thrombus (blood clot).
Other risk factors for coronary
artery disease include smoking and hypertension. Obesity increases your likelihood
of high blood pressure (hypertension) and coronary artery disease.
The gold standard for diagnosing coronary artery disease is coronary arteriography.
In this procedure, a catheter is inserted into the leg or arm, and guided to the
heart. A dye is then injected directly into the coronary arteries and x-ray movies
are recorded. Other screening tests for coronary artery disease are treadmill
testing, stress echocardiograms, and tracer studies.
Treatment of coronary artery disease consists of: